Chaplaincy Institute in Ukraine and EU countries

  • Iuliia Kryvenko Departament of Civil Law, National University “Odessa Academy of Law” Fontan road 23, Odessa, Ukraine
  • Oleksandr Omelchuk Departament of Civil Law, National University “Odessa Academy of Law” Fontan road 23, Odessa, Ukraine
  • Iuliia Chernovaliuk Berdiansk State and Municipal Management Institute of Private Classical University Urickogo street 3, Berdiansk, Ukraine
Keywords: Keywords: religion, religious organizations, military priests, chaplaincy, chaplains, chaplains - volunteers.


Aim. The aim of the article is devoted to the research of chaplaincy institutes in Ukraine, taking into account the experience of EU countries.

Concept. During the study determined, that the interaction between military service and religion is based on a universal socio-cultural tradition, has a complex, multi-level structure, covering the whole socio-institutional level (society - social institutions - social organizations of the individual) and leads to the creation of a specific social structure - military-religious institute the institute of military chaplaincy.

Conclusions. It is found that there are no historical analogies in the world for the creation of a military chaplaincy institute under such conditions, which makes the present Ukraine experience unique, but to this day the issue of state regulation in the field of pastoral care of military personnel of the Armed Forces of Ukraine and the creation of a military chaplaincy institute remains unregulated. In contrast to Ukraine, the legal support for the existence of an institute of military chaplaincy in Poland is provided by the relevant state normative-legal acts and by-church documents. Most European countries have the opportunity to serve for both military and civilian chaplains. Due to the analysis of legal acts and experience of European countries it should be determined that Ukraine chooses the "European" model of chaplaincy. The article also identifies the positive aspects of the organizational experience of military chaplaincy as to possible borrowing for Ukraine. The notion of a chaplain-volunteer is typical of Ukrainian legislation.


Yurchuk, E. (2014) Перспективи військового капеланства в Україні [Prospects for the military chaplaincy in Ukraine]. - Retrieved from:

Constitution of Ukraine (1996) - Retrieved from:к/96-вр

Additional Protocol to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, on the protection of victims of international armed conflicts (Protocol I), 8 June 1977. - Retrieved from:

Vladichenko, L. (2013) Інститут військового капеланства в Збройних силах Польщі [Institute of Military Chaplaincy in the Armed Forces of Poland].- 2013, № 5 (125) –(pp. 178-182) journal SKHID.

Dekret biskupa Juzefa Guzdka ustalajancy przynalezhnoshch parafii wojskowych do dekanatуw (2012), Warszawa, 2 p.

Lebedenovich, I. (1963) Полеві духівники Української Галицької Армії [Field Officers of the Ukrainian Galician Army]

Regarding issues meeting the religious needs of the military of the Armed Forces of Ukraine: approved by the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine Directive № D-25 of 21.04.2006. Retrieved from:

On approval of the concept of pastoral care in the Armed Forces of Ukraine: order of the Minister of Defense of Ukraine No. 220 of April 22, 2011. Retrieved from:

On the service of the clergy (chaplaincy service) in the Armed Forces, the National Guard and the State Border Service. Order of April 14, 2016 N 677-р Retrieved from:

How to Cite
Kryvenko, I., Omelchuk, O., & Chernovaliuk, I. (2020). Chaplaincy Institute in Ukraine and EU countries. Journal of Education Culture and Society, 11(1), 50-58.